5 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2018 1st Half
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1-15-18 The case for the 28-hour work week
Germans are fighting for a 28-hour work week. Americans should too. rmany already has a 35-hour work week. Now, the country's most powerful union, IG Metall, is demanding its 3.9 million workers in the electrical and metalworking industries be allowed to work a 28-hour week for two years. The union staged several walkouts to make its point, and is gearing up for nationwide strikes if its demands aren't met. Americans should take note. The standard work week in the States is 40 hours. The average American clocked 1,780 hours on the job in 2016, which makes us something of an anomaly: We don't just put in considerably more work than the Germans (who averaged 1,360 hours per worker in 2016), we also put in more hours than the French, the British, the Canadians, the Dutch, and others. More than that, annual hours per worker steadily fell in those countries over the last half century. America saw its hours fall until about 1980, when the trend flatlined. Our hours have been stagnant ever since. An economy with high productivity is supposed to deliver better standards of living, either in the form of higher incomes or more leisure hours. Most Western countries have seen a mix of both. Americans, to a large degree, have gotten neither. The distribution of working hours in America is also incredibly uneven across demographics. Perverse as it may seem, longer hours have become a mark of privilege in the U.S. labor force: The well-educated, the highly paid, white workers, and male workers all log in the most. Why? Because in an economy where increased overall productivity doesn't result in increased wages or leisure time, working obscenely long hours to rake in more money is the one surefire way to increase your standard of living. This all brings us back to the length of the work week. (Webmaster's comment: Americans are slaves to the corporations.)
1-13-18 Why are there so few female engineers?
Fewer than one in 10 engineers in the UK are female - the lowest percentage in Europe, according to the Women's Engineering Society. Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus lead with nearly 30%. Here, two pioneering female engineers at Oxford University explain what drives them.
- Environmental goals
- Not just hard hats
- Rewarding career
- Encouraging women
- Role models
- Aerospace dreams
- Filing a patent
(Webmaster's comment: In the United States only 14% of engineers are women. Also way behind Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus.)
1-10-18 Women's 'wage gap' discount at local pub sparks backlash
A Canadian pub that gives a discount to women to help remedy pay inequality is facing backlash from a patron who says the policy discriminates against men. The Morrissey House in Ontario offers a 13% discount to women on Mondays, recognising that women earn 87 cents for every dollar men earn in Canada. Owner Mark Serre said an irate customer has threatened to file a complaint with the provincial human rights commission. The new promotion also raises money for local charities that benefit women. Mr Serre said he has no problem with the customer complaining to the human rights commission, but he does not think the promotion is discriminatory. "It's his right. If he feels wronged, then I applaud him for taking it to the (commission). But I think he's taking it the wrong way," Mr Serre told the CBC. "As a general rule of life, women should get paid equally. I think that's important. Is it worth my 13 per cent on a Monday night? Absolutely. Is it worth a conversation? Absolutely. I hope people embrace it." The Ontario Human Rights Commission investigates complaints that violate the province's human rights code, including complaints about discrimination against gender. Offering a regular discount to women on "ladies' nights" is a common practice at pubs and bars, and given the social conscience of Mr Serre's "Mind the Gap Mondays", he said he believes it will be supported by the commission.
1-9-18 Survey reveals extreme gender bias plagues STEM – it must change
A new snapshot of women working in science and technology in the US shows deep levels of discrimination against them. It must spark action, says Lara Williams. It seems no matter where you look, claims of gender discrimination at work can be found. Hollywood. The BBC. Google. The latest addition to a depressing stream of reports of such bias in many walks of life comes in the form of a new survey showing that half of women in STEM jobs in the US (those in science, technology, engineering and mathematics) have faced sexual discrimination at work. Released today by the respected Pew Research Center, it examined the experiences of employees and their perceptions of fair treatment of women at work. While inequalities were reported across the board, these experiences were more pronounced in jobs where women worked mostly with men. What stands out is that, when compared with women working in non-STEM fields, those in STEM occupations report a higher level of discrimination: 50 per cent against 41 per cent. This demands the question: what is it about these industries that is engendering an environment of deeper inequality? Science and engineering jobs have a chequered past in terms of gender parity and treatment of women, and while there are reasons for tentative optimism (more women working in the life and physical sciences since 1991, for example), there are plenty more for pessimism (the proportion of women working in computer sciences has plummeted since 1991).
1-3-18 How will gender equality change dating?
This is what the heterosexual dating scene might look like in 100 years. On their first date, Mia and Josh talked as if they'd known each other for years. Josh loved Mia's wit; Mia delighted in Josh's warmth and ready smile. Their relationship blossomed, but doubts crept up on both of them now and again. Josh was the primary caregiver for a child from a previous marriage, and his financial prospects were dim. That didn't really bother Mia, since Josh's personality more than made up for it. Still, he wasn't her usual "type" — the type that was much younger than her, plus athletic and handsome to boot. Josh, meanwhile, had been dreaming of a cashed-up woman with high ambitions, status, and education, ideally with a PhD (or two). Mia's mere MA was a bit of a sticking point. It was the norm, after all, for men to be the ones to "marry up." This scenario probably sounds strange, and it should: I've invented an anecdote about how the heterosexual dating scene might look 100 years in the future. Currently, the desire for a young, attractive partner of the opposite sex tends to be more prevalent in men than in women. Women, meanwhile, are more likely to prioritize money and status over youth and beauty. Why? Many evolutionary psychologists put this trend down to the power of innate biological drives. Their argument is that women have a primeval urge to hang on to wealthy men to provide for their children during the long period of pregnancy and childrearing. Men, meanwhile, are mostly concerned about a woman's fertility, for which beauty and youth serve as helpful cues. In the distant past, this behavior was adaptive, and so evolution selected and encoded it in our genes, forever. Sure, the rituals of modern mating look very different to those of our ancestors. "Nevertheless, the same sexual strategies used by our ancestors operate today with unbridled force," as the psychologist David Buss put it in The Evolution of Desire (2003). "Our evolved psychology of mating, after all, plays out in the modern world because it is the only mating psychology we mortals possess." (There's little historical or intercultural research on LGBT mate preferences; such questions are clearly important, but sadly there isn't yet sufficient data to examine them properly.)
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5 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2018 1st Half
Women's Inequality News Articles from 2017 2nd Half