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28 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2018 1st Half
Click on the links below to get the full story from its source

3-15-18 Unequal pay in the extreme
Thanks to a rule in the 2010 Dodd-Frank law, U.S. companies have begun revealing the gap between their median worker’s pay and their CEO’s annual compensation. At the insurance company Humana, the median employee made $57,385 while the CEO made 344 times that much, or $19.8 million. Whirlpool’s median worker was a full-timer in Brazil earning $19,906 a year, while the CEO made $7.08 million, or 356 times as much.

3-15-18 More female billionaires than ever
There are now more female billionaires than ever. Of the 2,208 people with a nine-figure fortune on Forbes’ list of the world’s richest people, 256 of them are women—just 12 percent, but a record high.

3-15-18 Women Still Struggling in Parity Pioneering Western Europe
Western Europe comes closer to achieving gender parity than any other region of the world. But Gallup data suggest that like women everywhere, Western European women are struggling to balance the demands of work and family life, and this balancing act is leaving many of them emotionally drained. Gallup and the International Labour Organization's 2016 global study of men's and women's attitudes toward women and work show women in Western Europe are among the most likely in the world to say they want to both work at paid jobs and care for their homes and families. Sixty-two percent say they want to do both, while just 13% want to stay home. This preference to do both is stronger among women with children younger than 15 at home (68%) than those without children at home (60%). By far, doing both -- balancing work and family obligations -- is the No. 1 problem women and men in Western Europe see facing women who work at paid jobs in their countries. Among women in Western Europe, those working full time (37%) or part time (41%) are more likely to cite this as the biggest challenge than women out of the workforce (32%).

  • Balancing Work and Family Is the No. 1 Problem for Working Women in Westen Europe

3-14-18 The seven places where women earn more than men in US
A new analysis by Stateline, a publication of the Pew Charitable Trusts, found only seven communities across the country where women make significantly more than men.

3-13-18 The office where only women are allowed to work
There have been men-only clubs for centuries. The Wing is a co-working space in New York exclusively for women. Should there be more like this around the world?

3-8-18 Streisand’s trail blazing
Barbra Streisand has been doing things her own way for years, said Ramin Setoodeh in Variety. The showbiz legend lives on a 3-acre estate in Malibu, Calif., meticulously designed by Streisand herself. She shares the home with her husband, James Brolin, and their three dogs—two of them clones of her beloved coton de Tuléar, Samantha, who died in 2017 at age 14. “They have different personalities,” she says of Miss Violet and Miss Scarlett, who were created using cells from Samantha’s mouth and stomach. “I’m waiting for them to get older so I can see if they have her brown eyes and seriousness.” Streisand, 75, is very comfortable breaking with convention. In 1983, she became the first woman to direct, produce, co-write, and star in a single studio movie, Yentl. “I didn’t know it was a glass ceiling. I just thought, They don’t believe in a woman’s capacity to handle finances or to be the businessman. I was told, ‘A woman wants control? That’s crazy!’” As a director, she has had numerous fights with her male stars and cameramen, who have repeatedly questioned her decisions. But Streisand has total faith in women’s abilities. “We’re giving [men] the benefit of the doubt that we’re equal. I think women are more powerful than men.”

3-8-18 International Women's Day: Spain's workers in 'feminist strike'
Women workers in Spain are marking International Women's Day with an unprecedented strike targeting gender inequality and sexual discrimination. Work has been halted as part of a 24-hour strike organised by the 8 March Commission and backed by 10 unions and some of Spain's top women politicians. Scores of marches under the slogan "if we stop, the world stops" are taking place across Spain. Events marking the day are being held in dozens of other nations. Women taking part have stopped working and have been urged by organisers to spend no money and ditch any domestic chores for the day. Police were called to stop protesters blocking main roads in Barcelona but some women pickets still brought areas to a standstill. Public transport nationwide is available but at reduced services and flights have also been affected. Evening marches in Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and a number of other cities are leading events in 200 Spanish locations. Many prominent women in the media were absent from their programmes. The 8 March Commission is behind the strike. Its manifesto calls for "a society free of sexist oppression, exploitation and violence" and says: "We do not accept worse working conditions, nor being paid less than men for the same work." A poll of 1,500 people for the El Pais daily suggested 82% supported the strike, while 76% thought women in Spain had harder lives than men.

3-8-18 Iran jails woman for removing headscarf in public
An Iranian woman who publicly removed her veil to protest against a mandatory hijab law has been sentenced to two years in prison, prosecutors say. The woman, who has not been officially named, was found guilty of "encouraging moral corruption", Tehran prosecutor Abbas Jafari-Dolatabadi said. He added that 21 months of the woman's sentence had been suspended and that she was in need of medical treatment. It follows dozens of similar arrests of Iranian women in recent weeks. Most of those detained for defying the country's strict law on appearing in public in a headscarf have been released without charge. The woman sentenced in the capital, Tehran, on Wednesday was jailed for three months without parole. She is "in need of long-term medical treatment and has to be seen by a psychiatrist", Mr Jafari-Dolatabadi said. He criticised the suspension of the majority of her sentence and argued that she should serve the full term of her penalty. In December, an Iranian woman who was detained after defiantly taking off her headscarf and holding it on a stick in Tehran became the face of protests in the country. Images of her standing on a telecoms box in a busy street in the city were widely shared on social media. The woman was later freed. The photograph of the woman was first widely used in connection to the White Wednesday campaign in which women in Iran wear white to protest against the country's strict dress code. Since the Iranian revolution in 1979, women have been forced to cover their hair according to Islamic law on modesty.

3-8-18 Climate change 'impacts women more than men'
Women are more likely than men to be affected by climate change, studies show. UN figures indicate that 80% of people displaced by climate change are women. Roles as primary caregivers and providers of food and fuel make them more vulnerable when flooding and drought occur. The 2015 Paris Agreement has made specific provision for the empowerment of women, recognising that they are disproportionately impacted. In central Africa, where up to 90% of Lake Chad has disappeared, nomadic indigenous groups are particularly at risk. As the lake's shoreline recedes, women have to walk much further to collect water. "In the dry season, men go to the towns... leaving women to look after the community," explains Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, coordinator of the Association of Indigenous Women and People of Chad (AFPAT). With dry seasons now becoming longer, women are working harder to feed and care for their families without support. "They become more vulnerable... it's very hard work," Ibrahim recently told the BBC's 100 Women initiative.

3-5-18 NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson's 5 tips for success
Peggy Whitson likes to break records. Late last year, the NASA astronaut set a new record for the most cumulative time spent in space — 665 cumulative days — by any U.S. astronaut, and any female astronaut in the world. She ranks eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Her most recent mission, Expedition 50/51, allowed Whitson to participate in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to 10. Her two previous missions to space comprised of two six-month tours of duty for Expedition 5 and Expedition 16 in 2002 and 2008, respectively, when she was a flight engineer on board the space station and shuttle. Now back on Earth, Whitson, 58, is enjoying a little rest and relaxation — and a mandatory post-flight six-month stay on the ground. As for what's next, she jokes that she's still trying to figure out what she's going to do when she grows up. While she isn't sure — or perhaps can't share — what her next space mission will be, Whitson reflects on her meteoric career, and the lessons she's learned about perseverance along the way.

  1. Be humble but determined
  2. Follow your gut
  3. Adaptability is key
  4. Do the grunt work with gratitude
  5. There are a lot of rejections on the way to the top

3-1-18 Women challenge Turkey traditions for right to work
The piping-hot tea washes down the Turkish classics: stuffed vine-leaves, cheese pie and bulgur salad. For Emel Resuloglu and her circle it's a monthly tradition: the women's get-together around the dinner table, or "gün" in Turkish, when one member of the group gets a little money or a gold coin. Turkey cherishes its traditions. But there's one that some here feel is holding the country back socially and economically - that of women not working, cast only as the home-maker. "I got a university place but my father didn't want me to go", Ms Resuloglu says, as a freshly-baked cake is added to the table. "So I didn't work, I married and had children at 21 and I regret not studying. "Some women can't find jobs and others in Turkey are married off young. It's an old-fashioned mentality." Just 34% of women in Turkey work, by far the lowest of the 35 industrialised countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) where the average is 63%. Critics of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan say his rhetoric is worsening the situation. At a rally two years ago, he called women who aren't mothers "deficient". Previously, he's urged women to have at least three children and denounced birth control as "treason". Turkey now ranks 130 of 144 in the gender gap index of the World Economic Forum, based on access to health services, educational attainment, economic participation and political empowerment.

2-26-18 Saudi Arabia allows women to join military
Saudi Arabia has for the first time opened applications for women to join its military. Women have until Thursday to apply for positions with the rank of soldier in the provinces of Riyadh, Mecca, al-Qassim and Medina. The roles do not appear to involve combat, but will instead give women the opportunity to work in security. A list of 12 requirements says hopefuls must be Saudi citizens, aged between 25 and 35, and have a high-school diploma. The women and their male guardians - usually a husband, father, brother or son - must also have a place of residence in the same province as the job's location. The decision to recruit female soldiers is one of many reforms enhancing women's rights introduced in recent months in the conservative Muslim kingdom. King Salman has decreed that women will be permitted to drive from June, while women spectators were allowed to attend football matches from last month. However, human rights activists say Saudi Arabia's discriminatory male guardianship system remains intact despite government pledges to abolish it. Under the system, adult women must obtain permission to travel, marry or leave prison. They may be required to provide consent to work or access healthcare. Women are also separated from unrelated men and must wear full-length robes known as "abayas" in public, as well as headscarves if they are Muslims.

2-19-18 Gaza women's TV channel blocked by Hamas
Authorities in Gaza have blocked the launch of a women's television channel there, just before it was due to go on air. Officials from the Palestinian militant Islamist group Hamas, which dominates the territory, said Taif TV had not obtained the necessary licences. However the channel said it had met all the legal requirements. Civil liberties groups have long criticised Hamas for what they say is a poor record on women's rights in Gaza. The Palestinian independent Maan news agency said Hamas had on Sunday banned a launch party for the channel, after which it was meant to begin broadcasting. The Hamas-run Ministry of Information said Taif TV did not have legal permission, despite being repeatedly informed of the need for relevant licences. "The management of the channel was asked to settle their legal status, to obtain licences to start work and were notified of another licensed media organisation of the same name," the ministry said. The channel denied this was the case, saying it belonged to media organisations which had both been licensed by the Ministry of Information and Ministry of Economy. "Therefore, they are legal to do their media production work and use social media platforms," it said in a statement. "That does not violate Palestinian law and is part of the basics of free media activity." Taif TV says it is the first channel of its kind and aims to "shed light on Palestinian women as an integral part of the social fabric, and the role of women in building society". In a video on its Facebook page, the channel's manager is seen thanking a crowd of people outside its building for "believing in Taif's ideas. "Our idea will remain and we will keep working on it," he says.

2-15-18 Spanish woman's 'sexist' rejection letter sparks furore
A Spanish company has been criticised for allegedly rejecting a woman for a job on the grounds she was not a man. PR agency Impulsa Comunicación told Carla Forcada the account executive role "needed a man who could handle the pace of working with big companies". The agency has now been dropped by Coca-Cola and other firms after she posted about it on social media. The PR agency said that it was never its intention to discriminate against Ms Forcada. But Ms Forcada, 25, shared a screenshot of a message that read: "Believe me, they need a man." She said on Twitter (in Spanish) that it was "incredible that companies that practice gender-based discrimination in the workplace still exist". Ms Forcada, who studied marketing and communication and lives in Barcelona, told La Vanguardia newspaper that she felt "insulted as she could do the job as well as any man". She said she received a later email offering her a job opportunity because "someone in the company knew her". To show her anger at the discrimination that she believes she experienced, Ms Forcada tweeted at clients who had contracts with Impulsa Comunicación. Coca-Cola said that they would not work with the agency any more and expressed their discomfort at Ms Forcada's experience. In a tweet, they said that they support companies which have "an inclusive, diverse and equal hiring policy. We are very sorry that our name has been aligned with this discriminatory and unfortunate response".

2-14-18 Credibility does not hinge on wearing sleeves
Quick wardrobe change needed today. I'm going sleeveless on Beyond 100 Days. I hope this does not mean my credibility is shot and my gravitas is sunk. According to the former Canadian Prime Minister Kim Campbell, I'm taking a risk. Ms Campbell came under fire for an approving tweet about a blog post that appeared to suggest people who wear more clothes are seen as smarter. Which raises the question - would a burka raise my perceived IQ? I anchor a daily news show, sometimes I wear sleeves, sometimes I wear sleeveless. I am not aware that either my ability or my talent change according to my outfit. I am not aware of any studies that show a woman's IQ is diminished by the length of her sleeve. Ms Campbell's point is that bare arms are distracting. But this is a slippery slope argument that has been used throughout history, and around the world, to keep women covered up. When Katie Couric, the legendary anchor of NBC's hit morning programme, The Today Show, first went on set without stockings in the 1990s, she became the object of similar criticism. Her bare legs were seen as a distraction. Now, it would be laughable to suggest a lack of stockings undermines a woman's credibility. I suspect women had the same pushback when they shed their gloves and their hats too. It's not just that a woman's gravitas is erroneously linked to what she wears, it's more that every time women's fashion removes some article of clothing, gloves, hats, stockings, sleeves, we face criticism that we are somehow undermining our seriousness. Men don't have this issue because they are stuck in suits; it's a bit of a red herring to argue women should do the same. It's the difference between male and female fashion, and it's part of our culture.

2-14-18 Ex-gymnast and Nassar survivor poses naked with the word 'survivor'
Ex-USA gymnast Alexandra Raisman has posed naked with the words "women do not have to be modest to be respected" written on her. Other words she chose to put on her body were "fierce", "trust yourself" and "survivor". Aly was one of more than 100 victims who were sexually abused by USA gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar. She said it was important to talk about what she went through as hard times were "equally important in shaping us". Nassar was sentenced to up to 175 years in prison last month following evidence from nearly 160 of his victims. Aly, who testified at his sentencing, posted the photo on Twitter and Instagram along with a message to fans. "Women do not have to be modest to be respected-- Live for you! Everyone should feel comfortable expressing themselves however makes them happy. Women can be intelligent, fierce, sexy, powerful, strong, advocate for change while wearing what makes them feel best. The time where women are taught to be ashamed of their bodies is OVER. The female body is beautiful and we should all be proud of who we are, inside and out." (Webmaster's comment: You Go Woman!)

2-10-18 Saudi women should not have to wear long robes, top cleric says
Saudi women should not have to wear the abaya, a long loose-fitting robe used to cover their bodies in public, a top religious cleric has said.. Sheikh Abdullah al-Mutlaq, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, said women should dress modestly, but this did not have to mean wearing the abaya. Saudi women are currently required to wear the garment by law. The cleric's intervention comes amid moves to modernise Saudi society and relax restriction on women. "More than 90% of pious Muslim women in the Muslim world do not wear abayas. So we should not force people to wear abayas," Sheikh Mutlaq said on Friday. It is the first time a senior cleric has made such a statement, which may form the basis of Saudi law in the future.

2-9-18 Colombian students in miniskirt protest against sexism
A Colombian university has faced a backlash after advising female students not to wear miniskirts to avoid "distracting classmates and teachers". Branding the advice sexist, students mounted a campaign to encourage everyone, male and female, to wear short skirts on campus on Thursday. Medellín's Pontifical Bolivarian University, known as UPB, had posted the advice on its website. After an outcry, it said the tips were only meant as general suggestions. "The UPB respects the right to express personalities, and has never imposed a dress code on students," said its statement, adding that the article had been mostly aimed at new students. The original post, now deleted, appeared under a heading, "How should you dress to go to university?". Some of the advice was presented as unisex, but there were plenty of tips directed at women. Dress discreetly, it advised. "There is nothing more uncomfortable than distracting your classmates or teachers. For this reason, we suggest you don't wear low necklines, short skirts or tight-fitting clothes."

2-2-18 Hijab protest
Iranian women have been taking off their headscarves and waving them on sticks to protest the country’s strict Islamic dress code. Women who show their hair in public can be imprisoned for up to two months and fined $25. In recent weeks, at least six women have been photographed standing silently on the streets of Tehran and Isfahan, holding out headscarves. The protests were inspired by Vida Movahed, 31, who was detained for a month after she removed her hijab during an anti-regime protest in December. Activist Masih Alinejad said the protesters are not anti-hijab, but anti-compulsion. “Our fight is for freedom of choice,” she said. Police said this month they would no longer enforce the hijab requirement, but at least two of the protesters have been arrested in the past week.

1-29-18 Iran frees woman who took off headscarf - lawyer
An Iranian woman detained after defiantly taking off her headscarf and holding it on a stick in Tehran has been freed, a human rights lawyer says. The woman - whose name remains unknown - became the face of protests in the country in December, and images of her were widely shared on social media. Lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh now says she has seen an official dossier that shows the woman has been released. Iranian officials have so far made no public comments on the issue. "The girl of the Enghelab Avenue has been released", Mrs Sotudeh, a former political prisoner, wrote in a post on her Facebook page (in Persian) on Sunday. She was referring to the avenue where the woman took off her headscarf - a punishable offence in Iran. The lawyer said she had gone to the prosecutor's office to follow up the woman's case and had learnt of her release the previous day. "I hope they don't fabricate a legal case to harm her for using her basic rights," Mrs Sotudeh wrote. "She has not done anything wrong to deserve prosecution." The woman is believed to be a 31-year-old mother of a toddler. She has been the subject of a social media campaign in Iran, following the anti-establishment protests at the end of last year in which at least 20 people died. A hashtag in Persian asking about her whereabouts - and English-language equivalents #where_is_she and #WhereIsShe - have been used thousands of times on Twitter, as well as on other social media channels used in the country where dissent is often met with repression.

1-28-18 The suffragettes of the circus
In 1912, female acrobats, equestrians, and weightlifters took on a new high-wire act: fighting for their right to vote. a Sunday afternoon in March 1912, a group of female performers from the Barnum & Bailey Circus gathered in the animal menagerie at Madison Square Garden. Watched over by lions, a Bengalese tiger, "a two-horned rhinoceros, ostriches, yaks, pigs, seals, cassowaries, flamingos, monkeys," and a hippopotamus named Babe, they began to talk about suffrage. Among them was petite May Wirth, whose equestrian act included a running leap onto the back of a galloping horse; Victoria Codona, whose beauty was nearly as famous as her skill on the high wire; bareback rider Victoria Davenport; the "female Hercules" Katie Sandwina and many others. Barnum & Bailey billed itself as the greatest show on Earth, and these were its female stars. They'd been brought together by acrobat Zella Florence and Josephine DeMott Robinson, a retired circus bareback rider. The turnout was impressive, but notably absent were the top representatives from the Women's Political Union, a suffrage organization known for its focus on working women. Inez Millholland, a rising star in the women's suffrage movement, had planned to come. She had been quoted in the New York Press saying that "circus women exemplify one phase of the ability of women to earn their own living," and that she was interested in helping them join the fight for suffrage. But at the last minute, Millholland backed out, perhaps out of concern that the meeting was nothing but a circus publicity ploy. To replace her, Florence and Robinson crashed a tea being given by the Women's Political Union and tried to get a group of the suffragists to attend the circus meeting. According to The New York Times, these "strong and earnest women" impressed the suffragists, who sent over Miss Beatrice Jones, "as a committee of one." Back in the Madison Square Garden menagerie, "[Jones] planted herself in the center of a group of 25 or more women and girls, modishly and sedately gowned, so that you would never dream it was their daily lot to bound about, blithe and bespangled," and asked assurances from the women that their intentions were sincere. Once they had convinced her, she helped them elect officers and told them how they could contribute to the cause. To celebrate, they named a baby giraffe Miss Suffrage. For the women of Barnum & Bailey, it was the first step towards becoming suffragists. For Josephine DeMott Robinson, it was just another scrap in a long battle to find her place outside of the ring, in a world that she had always found bewildering and stifling.

1-26-18 Pompeo’s behind-the-scenes battle
Ellen Pompeo had to fight to get paid like a man, said Lacey Rose in The Hollywood Reporter. The Grey’s Anatomy star has just signed a new $20 million contract that will see her earn $575,000 per episode—making her the highest-paid actress on television. It’s a fair deal, she says, after starring in the multibillion-dollar ABC franchise for 13 years. But if Pompeo, 48, is finally getting the salary she deserves, it’s no thanks to former leading man Patrick Dempsey—aka McDreamy. “There were many times where I reached out about joining to negotiate. He was never interested in that. At one point, I asked for $5,000 more than him just on principle, because the show is Grey’s Anatomy and I’m Meredith Grey. They wouldn’t give it to me. And I could have walked away, so why didn’t I? I’m sure I felt what a lot of actresses feel: It’s my show; why should I walk away because of a guy?” Dempsey was killed off in 2015, giving Pompeo new leverage. She got a new paycheck—and the show’s ratings actually went up. “I had a nice chuckle about that. But the truth is, the ink wasn’t even dry on his exit papers before they rushed in a new guy. I couldn’t believe how fast the network felt like they had to get a penis in there.”

1-21-18 America's reluctant septuagenarian workforce
U.S. companies have been eliminating traditional pensions for decades, but many Americans can't afford to retire on Social Security and savings alone.Tom Coomer has retired twice: once when he was 65, and then several years ago. Each time he realized that with just a Social Security check, "you can hardly make it these days." So here he is at 79, working full-time at Walmart. During each eight-hour shift, he stands at the store entrance greeting customers, telling a joke and fetching a "buggy." Or he is stationed at the exit, checking receipts and the shoppers that trip the theft alarm. "As long as I sit down for about 10 minutes every hour or two, I'm fine," he said during a break. Diagnosed with spinal stenosis in his back, he recently forwarded a doctor's note to managers. "They got me a stool." The way major U.S. companies provide for retiring workers has been shifting for about three decades, with more dropping traditional pensions every year. The first full generation of workers to retire since this turn offers a sobering preview of a labor force more and more dependent on their own savings for retirement. Years ago, Coomer and his co-workers at the Tulsa plant of McDonnell-Douglas, the famed airplane maker, were enrolled in the company pension, but in 1994, with an eye toward cutting retirement costs, the company closed the plant. Even though most of them found new jobs, they could never replace their lost pension benefits, and many are facing financial struggles in their old age. A review of those 998 workers found that 1 in 7 has in their retirement years filed for bankruptcy, faced liens for delinquent bills, or both, according to public records. Those affected are buried by debts incurred for credit card payments, used cars, health care, and sometimes the college educations of their children. Some have lost their homes. And for many of them, even as they reach beyond 70, real retirement is elusive. Although they worked for decades at McDonnell-Douglas, many of the septuagenarians are still working, some full time. (Webmaster's comment: Slave labor in America! Work them till they die! Making America Great Again?)

1-15-18 The case for the 28-hour work week
Germans are fighting for a 28-hour work week. Americans should too. rmany already has a 35-hour work week. Now, the country's most powerful union, IG Metall, is demanding its 3.9 million workers in the electrical and metalworking industries be allowed to work a 28-hour week for two years. The union staged several walkouts to make its point, and is gearing up for nationwide strikes if its demands aren't met. Americans should take note. The standard work week in the States is 40 hours. The average American clocked 1,780 hours on the job in 2016, which makes us something of an anomaly: We don't just put in considerably more work than the Germans (who averaged 1,360 hours per worker in 2016), we also put in more hours than the French, the British, the Canadians, the Dutch, and others. More than that, annual hours per worker steadily fell in those countries over the last half century. America saw its hours fall until about 1980, when the trend flatlined. Our hours have been stagnant ever since. An economy with high productivity is supposed to deliver better standards of living, either in the form of higher incomes or more leisure hours. Most Western countries have seen a mix of both. Americans, to a large degree, have gotten neither. The distribution of working hours in America is also incredibly uneven across demographics. Perverse as it may seem, longer hours have become a mark of privilege in the U.S. labor force: The well-educated, the highly paid, white workers, and male workers all log in the most. Why? Because in an economy where increased overall productivity doesn't result in increased wages or leisure time, working obscenely long hours to rake in more money is the one surefire way to increase your standard of living. This all brings us back to the length of the work week. (Webmaster's comment: Americans are slaves to the corporations.)

1-13-18 Why are there so few female engineers?
Fewer than one in 10 engineers in the UK are female - the lowest percentage in Europe, according to the Women's Engineering Society. Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus lead with nearly 30%. Here, two pioneering female engineers at Oxford University explain what drives them.

  1. Environmental goals
  2. Not just hard hats
  3. Rewarding career
  4. Encouraging women
  5. Role models
  6. Aerospace dreams
  7. Filing a patent

(Webmaster's comment: In the United States only 14% of engineers are women. Also way behind Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus.)

1-10-18 Women's 'wage gap' discount at local pub sparks backlash
A Canadian pub that gives a discount to women to help remedy pay inequality is facing backlash from a patron who says the policy discriminates against men. The Morrissey House in Ontario offers a 13% discount to women on Mondays, recognising that women earn 87 cents for every dollar men earn in Canada. Owner Mark Serre said an irate customer has threatened to file a complaint with the provincial human rights commission. The new promotion also raises money for local charities that benefit women. Mr Serre said he has no problem with the customer complaining to the human rights commission, but he does not think the promotion is discriminatory. "It's his right. If he feels wronged, then I applaud him for taking it to the (commission). But I think he's taking it the wrong way," Mr Serre told the CBC. "As a general rule of life, women should get paid equally. I think that's important. Is it worth my 13 per cent on a Monday night? Absolutely. Is it worth a conversation? Absolutely. I hope people embrace it." The Ontario Human Rights Commission investigates complaints that violate the province's human rights code, including complaints about discrimination against gender. Offering a regular discount to women on "ladies' nights" is a common practice at pubs and bars, and given the social conscience of Mr Serre's "Mind the Gap Mondays", he said he believes it will be supported by the commission.

1-9-18 Survey reveals extreme gender bias plagues STEM – it must change
A new snapshot of women working in science and technology in the US shows deep levels of discrimination against them. It must spark action, says Lara Williams. It seems no matter where you look, claims of gender discrimination at work can be found. Hollywood. The BBC. Google. The latest addition to a depressing stream of reports of such bias in many walks of life comes in the form of a new survey showing that half of women in STEM jobs in the US (those in science, technology, engineering and mathematics) have faced sexual discrimination at work. Released today by the respected Pew Research Center, it examined the experiences of employees and their perceptions of fair treatment of women at work. While inequalities were reported across the board, these experiences were more pronounced in jobs where women worked mostly with men. What stands out is that, when compared with women working in non-STEM fields, those in STEM occupations report a higher level of discrimination: 50 per cent against 41 per cent. This demands the question: what is it about these industries that is engendering an environment of deeper inequality? Science and engineering jobs have a chequered past in terms of gender parity and treatment of women, and while there are reasons for tentative optimism (more women working in the life and physical sciences since 1991, for example), there are plenty more for pessimism (the proportion of women working in computer sciences has plummeted since 1991).

1-3-18 How will gender equality change dating?
This is what the heterosexual dating scene might look like in 100 years. On their first date, Mia and Josh talked as if they'd known each other for years. Josh loved Mia's wit; Mia delighted in Josh's warmth and ready smile. Their relationship blossomed, but doubts crept up on both of them now and again. Josh was the primary caregiver for a child from a previous marriage, and his financial prospects were dim. That didn't really bother Mia, since Josh's personality more than made up for it. Still, he wasn't her usual "type" — the type that was much younger than her, plus athletic and handsome to boot. Josh, meanwhile, had been dreaming of a cashed-up woman with high ambitions, status, and education, ideally with a PhD (or two). Mia's mere MA was a bit of a sticking point. It was the norm, after all, for men to be the ones to "marry up." This scenario probably sounds strange, and it should: I've invented an anecdote about how the heterosexual dating scene might look 100 years in the future. Currently, the desire for a young, attractive partner of the opposite sex tends to be more prevalent in men than in women. Women, meanwhile, are more likely to prioritize money and status over youth and beauty. Why? Many evolutionary psychologists put this trend down to the power of innate biological drives. Their argument is that women have a primeval urge to hang on to wealthy men to provide for their children during the long period of pregnancy and childrearing. Men, meanwhile, are mostly concerned about a woman's fertility, for which beauty and youth serve as helpful cues. In the distant past, this behavior was adaptive, and so evolution selected and encoded it in our genes, forever. Sure, the rituals of modern mating look very different to those of our ancestors. "Nevertheless, the same sexual strategies used by our ancestors operate today with unbridled force," as the psychologist David Buss put it in The Evolution of Desire (2003). "Our evolved psychology of mating, after all, plays out in the modern world because it is the only mating psychology we mortals possess." (There's little historical or intercultural research on LGBT mate preferences; such questions are clearly important, but sadly there isn't yet sufficient data to examine them properly.)

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28 Women's Inequality News Articles
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Women's Inequality News Articles from 2017 2nd Half