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31 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2018 2nd Half
Click on the links below to get the full story from its source

9-22-18 The impossible task of peering into the minds of others
Humans are really terrible at putting themselves in someone else's shoes. In April 2018, a viral challenge took Twitter by storm. It was posed by podcaster Whitney Reynolds: Women, describe yourself the way a male writer would. The dare hit a sweet spot. Many could summon up passages from books containing terrible, sexualized descriptions of women. Some of us recalled Haruki Murakami, whose every novel can be summarized as: "Protagonist is an ordinary man, except lots of really beautiful women want to sleep with him." Others remembered J.M. Coetzee, and his variations on the plot: "Tenured male professor in English literature sleeps with beautiful female undergraduate." It was a way for us to joke about the fact that so much great literature was written by men who could express perfectly detailed visual descriptions of the female body, and yet possessed such an impoverished understanding of the female mind. This is why the philosophical project of trying to map the contours of other minds needs a reality check. If other humans are beyond our comprehension, what hope is there for understanding the experience of animals, artificial intelligence, or aliens? I am a literature scholar. Over thousands of years of literary history, authors have tried and failed to convey an understanding of Others (with a capital "O"). Writing fiction is an exercise that stretches an author's imagination to its limits. And fiction shows us, again and again, that our capacity to imagine other minds is extremely limited. It took feminism and post-colonialism to point out that writers were systematically misrepresenting characters who weren't like them. Male authors, it seems, still struggle to present convincing female characters a lot of the time. The same problem surfaces again when writers try to introduce a figure with a different ethnicity to their own, and fail spectacularly.

9-21-18 Guess who talks most
Women are rarely heard on corporate earnings calls, corporate America’s most important public discussions. Male participants spoke 92 percent of the time, according to a 19-year study of more than 155,000 company conference calls. Although the disparity is partly due to male executives and analysts outnumbering women, men also simply talk more.

9-10-18 US Open 2018: Serena Williams' claims of sexism backed by WTA
Serena Williams' claims of sexism in the US Open final have been backed by the governing body of women's tennis. WTA chief executive Steve Simon said the umpire showed Williams a different level of tolerance over Saturday's outbursts than if she had been a man. She got a code violation for coaching, a penalty point for racquet abuse and a game penalty for calling the umpire a "thief" in the defeat by Naomi Osaka. The American said it was "sexist" to have been penalised a game. "The WTA believes that there should be no difference in the standards of tolerance provided to the emotions expressed by men versus women," Simon said in a statement. "We do not believe that this was done last night." He also called for coaching to be allowed "across the sport". Umpire Carlos Ramos penalised Williams after seeing her coach, Patrick Mouratoglou, making a hand gesture. The Frenchman later admitted he was trying to coach his player. The head of the United States Tennis Association (USTA), which organises the US Open, said men "are badgering the umpire on the changeovers and nothing happens". "We watch the guys do this all the time," USTA chief Katrina Adams said. "There's no equality when it comes to what the men are doing to the chair umpires and what the women are doing, and I think there has to be some consistency across the board. "I'm all about gender equality and I think when you look at that situation these are conversations that will be imposed in the next weeks. We have to treat each other fairly and the same." BBC tennis presenter Sue Barker, who said: "I've sat courtside watching the men ranting at umpires and they haven't been given a violation." (Webmaster's comment: Hatred of women penetrates every activity and level of our society!)

9-10-18 Man arrested after breakfast with woman in Saudi Arabia
An Egyptian man in Saudi Arabia has been arrested after a video of him having breakfast with a woman went viral on Twitter. In the video, a man with an Egyptian dialect eats breakfast beside a woman wearing a full face veil, who many assumed to be Saudi. This is in contravention with law in Saudi Arabia, where in workplaces or eateries like McDonald's and Starbucks, families and single men have to sit in different areas. Women must sit separately from single men in these places. (Webmaster's comment: I once dated a women from India who believed she had committed a sin by simply having lunch with a man. Unbelievable!)They are not allowed to exercise most activities without being accompanied by their male guardians, usually a father or husband, but possibly a brother or a son. The man was arrested by the Saudi Ministry of Labour and Social Development, who accused him of "committing several violations and taking up a post exclusively reserved for Saudis". The Arabic hashtag "an Egyptian having breakfast with a Saudi" has been used over 113,000 times on Twitter, where it has become the centre of a cultural divide.

9-7-18 100 Women: The truth behind the 'bra-burning' feminists
Fifty years ago, a protest against a Miss America beauty pageant in New Jersey sparked off the iconic - and mythical - image of the "bra-burning feminist". A group of women hurled mops, lipsticks and high heels into a "Freedom Trash Can". The idea was to symbolically throw away things that oppressed women, says Robin Morgan, one of the organisers. Passers-by were invited to join in. "I remember one young woman took off her bra," Ms Morgan tells BBC 100 Women. "[She] eased it out from under her shirt and threw it in to great cheers." It was a gesture that made headlines around the world, securing the protesters a place in history. Although most of the women who took part in the Freedom Trash Can event had previous experience in the civil rights or anti-Vietnam War movements, none had ever demonstrated for women's rights before. "We were young radicals, just discovering feminism because we were tired of making coffee but not policy," says Ms Morgan. They had also realised that this was a fight they needed to take on themselves. "We already knew that the male right was not our friend," she says. "We thought the male left were our brothers [but] discovered that was not really the case when we talked about our own rights." None of the women could have imagined that their protest would still have resonance, 50 years on. "Some feminist historians mark [it] as the real beginning of the current wave of feminism," says Ms Morgan. "[But] while flattering and quite lovely to hear, [it] is not true. There were already groups like the National Organisation for Women in existence." But what stuck in the public consciousness about the protest was the image of the "bra-burning feminist" - something that paradoxically never actually happened.

9-7-18 South Africa engineer Manglin Pillay sacked after sexism furore
The head of South Africa's civil engineering institution (Saice) has been sacked after he wrote that few women take up the profession because they are "more predisposed to caring". Manglin Pillay said that women preferred to "raise children than to be at the beck and call of shareholders". He later apologised but Saice said it had terminated his contract due concern from its members. Just 5% of Saice's 6,000 professional members are women. South Africa's Commission for Gender Equality welcomed Mr Pillay's departure saying it would help the "fight against sexism and objectifying of women". Mr Pillay's original comments came in his column in July's edition of Saice's house magazine Civil Engineering. He was discussing research on why fewer women than men take up careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). He wrote that "more men occupy high-profile executive posts... because of appetite for work load and extreme performance requirements at that level". They attract "type-A personalities who are disagreeable at times, and highly competitive - workaholics... with almost no family, social or hobby time. "The reason why women do not occupy these positions is that women choose to rather have the flexibility to dedicate themselves to more important enterprises, like family and raising children, than to be at the beck and call of shareholders".

9-5-18 America's shameful indifference to women's baseball
Viera, Florida, is a place I had to Google. As rendered by Google Maps, the small "master planned community" appeared as a swirl of cul-de-sacs and quaint, scenic lakes that separate golf courses and neighborhoods with names like Arrivas Viera, Heritage Isle, and Indigo Crossing. Recent excitement in Viera is limited to a golf cart catching fire in a garage and a smoky air conditioning unit leading to the evacuation of a credit union. It is not the place you would expect to find an international sporting event. Nevertheless, it is here, 40 minutes outside of Orlando, that the World Baseball Softball Confederation decided to hold the 2018 Women's Baseball World Cup. The tournament was exciting, emotional, and a reaffirmation that women have always belonged in baseball. It was also a resounding reminder that the powers that be in American baseball do not care about women's participation in the sport. Baseball still faces deep, institutional segregation. Women are supposed to play softball while men play baseball. But women do play baseball. The Women's Baseball World Cup has been held every two years since the inaugural tournament in Edmonton, Canada, in 2004. It has taken until the eighth tournament for the U.S. to host the sport it claims as its national pastime — a bit of a head-scratcher, seeing as the men's equivalent, the World Baseball Classic, has been hosted in the United States since its inception. And, wouldn't you know it, that tournament is played in Major League Baseball stadiums. By contrast, the greatest women baseball players in the world are handed the USSSA Space Coast Stadium, a complex that once served as an MLB spring training facility until the teams moved on to greener pastures with real grass — not like this Florida stadium's unfortunate turf.

8-24-18 When a female doctor is best
Women who suffer a heart attack have significantly higher survival rates when a female doctor treats them in the emergency room, new research shows. Scientists analyzed nearly 582,000 heart attack cases in Florida between 1991 and 2010. When treated by a male physician, 12.6 percent of the male patients died, and 13.3 percent of the women. When a female doctor was in charge, the death rate dropped to 11.8 percent for men, and 12 percent for women. Women’s survival rates under a male doctor also improved when the physician was working with female colleagues. The reason for these disparities is unclear, reports But previous studies have shown that heart attack symptoms are harder to identify in women, so female doctors may be more attuned to these warning signs. More generally, the perception of heart disease as a typically “male” condition may delay women in seeking treatment—and make doctors less likely to take their complaints seriously. Lead author Brad Greenwood, from the University of Minnesota, says more research is needed to “figure out what’s going on.” (Webmaster's comment: Male bias against women is in every profession and service.)

8-23-18 Japan's first woman fighter pilot to blaze a trail in skies
A Japanese woman will be flying through the glass ceiling as she becomes her country's first female fighter pilot. First Lieutenant Misa Matsushima, 26, will begin duty on Friday having completed her training to fly F-15s, Japan's military has announced. "As the first female (fighter) pilot, I will open the way," she told reporters. Japan's air force began recruiting women in 1993 - except as fighter jet and reconnaissance aircraft pilots. It lifted that final ban in late 2015. "Ever since I saw the movie Top Gun when I was in primary school, I have always admired fighter jet pilots," the graduate of Japan's National Defence Academy told journalists. "I wish to continue to work hard to fulfil my duty - not just for myself but also for women who will follow this path in the future." Three other women are currently training to join the elite group of fighter pilots. The F-15J fighter jets they will pilot are twin-engine aircrafts designed for air-to-air combat with other jets. They can reach top speeds of about Mach 2.5 - 2.5 times the speed of sound or about 3,000 km/h (1,864 miles/h). "The first female fighter pilot of the Air Self-Defence Force is born," a tweet (in Japanese) from the Japan Air Self-Defence Force said. (Webmaster's comment: Russian women broke that ceiling 75 years ago during WWII. They had 1,000's of women bomber pilots and fighter pilots some which became fighter aces downing more than 10 Nazi male fighter pilots.)

8-23-18 The daunting plight of the career-minded woman
For many professional women, the last five years have been an exercise in perseverance, bookended by movements at odds. We were told to lean in, to throw ourselves into the C-suite, and butt our way into all-male spaces. But in the process, many of us faced abuse, humiliation, and harassment at the hands of the men whose ranks in the boardroom we were meant to be joining. From the outset of our careers, young women are expected to endure infantilization and exclusion all while advocating for better policies in the hopes that someday, things will change. If we've made little progress in shattering the glass ceiling or closing the wage gap, it certainly hasn't been for a lack of trying. "I'm tired of the motivation stuff," Carol Sankar, global leadership consultant and the founder of the global executive leadership firm The Confidence Factor for Women in Leadership, told The Week. "I think we've been sold by this idea that business and motivation go hand in hand. I'm motivated. Now tell me what I have to do." She gets at a huge problem in the movement to empower women in the workplace: The gatekeepers are still men, many of them white, and many unwilling to open the door to women, no matter how loud or persistent their knocking. "There just is no other way to say it," Sankar says. "Depending on what you're trying to achieve, you have to ask the person who sits in the seat you want." Our culture often fails to challenge white men's unwillingness to make room for women or to examine their own perpetuation of broken, corrupt systems. We can't even get them to mentor young women post-#MeToo because, they say, they feel uncomfortable. Meanwhile, women's desire to succeed is still seen as defiant, even met with hostility.

8-22-18 How America is anthropomorphizing pets and abandoning babies
While the elite get "fur-ternity" leave, poor mothers don't get adequate maternity leave. doubt in an attempt to alleviate all the serious hardships visited upon upper-middle-class pet owners, a marketing firm in Minnesota recently announced that it will grant employees who have purchased new animals the ability to work from home for a period of one week. "Fur-ternity leave," as the policy has been internally dubbed, is "kind of a no-brainer," a representative of the company told The New York Times. In the same article, it was reported that a "data company" (imagine that) in New York (ditto) is offering two full weeks of paid time off to anyone who adopts a dog or an "exotic pet," such as an iguana. In this country millions of women every year give birth to children whom they are forced to surrender to the daycare industrial complex after two unpaid weeks away from their vital mission of ensuring that customers know how to locate the Coupon Center. Poorly remunerated, crippled with debt, they are forced to plod on because without their collective labor, GDP would drop by a fraction of a fraction of a percent and the consumerist reign of the finance bros and the tech overlords and the hangers-on who "market" all of the former's non-achievements would be stalled. The conclusion is irresistible: Babies are worth less than some people's dogs. You don't need a conscience to find this state of affairs appalling. It is unacceptable on purely aesthetic grounds. If we're going to have an elite, they should at least use their ill-gotten gains to construct vast rococo palaces full of chinoiserie and paintings of naked shepherds and scheming cardinals. Our Netflix-dog park-tapas boboism is the least appealing decadence in the history of civilization. (Webmaster's comment: By law average paid maternity leave in Europe is 22 weeks and up to 68 weeks. Europeons VALUE their children.)

8-20-18 Serie A: Lazio hardcore fans call for women ban in some seats
Hardcore fans of Lazio football club in Italy have circulated a letter saying women should be banned from part of the Curva Nord of Rome's Olympic Stadium. The Lazio ultras have gained a reputation for violence, racism and anti-Semitism. Before the first game of the season, an unofficial flyer was handed round saying the stand was a "sacred place" where women were not allowed. But Lazio blamed "a few fans". "We are against any discrimination," it said. Lazio spokesman Arturo Diaconale, quoted by Italian media, said "we didn't know anything about this [flyer], it was an independent initiative by some of the Curva Nord fans". "It's not the position of society... There is a huge number of Lazio fans, whereas this is an initiative from a few fans. We cannot always intervene to prevent politically incorrect demonstrations like this one." The ultras' flyer said women should go to other parts of the stadium. The pamphlet called for "women, wives and girlfriends" to avoid the first 10 rows of the stand. "Those who choose the stadium as an alternative to the carefree and romantic day at the Villa Borghese [a Roman historic house and park], should go to other parts," it read.

8-15-18 Inside Siberia’s isolated community of forgotten women
In the remote village of Yar-Sale, in Northern Siberia, lives a group of elderly women. Once part of a nomadic community of reindeer herders, in their old age they spend most of their days in seclusion, isolated from the world they loved. While the men are encouraged to remain within the migrating community and maintain their social roles, the women are often ostracised and left to face the struggles of old age alone. Photographer Oded Wagenstein took the long journey to meet these 'forgotten' women. "It took a flight, a sixty-hour train ride from Moscow, and a seven-hour bone-breaking drive across a frozen river to meet them," says Oded. "I was surprised by the warmth with which they welcomed me to their homes and for days - over many cups of tea - we sat together as they shared their stories, lullabies, and longings with me: distant memories of white landscapes and reindeer herds, longings for their gone parents and partners, along with great frustration over the feeling of being 'purposeless'."

8-10-18 Women kept from med school
Tokyo Medical University admitted this week it had been systematically falsifying results of women’s entrance exams for nearly a decade, docking points and barring many from admittance. Unnamed sources told the Yomiuri Shimbun that officials didn’t want to waste a medical education on women who would just get pregnant and quit the profession. In 2010, the incoming class was 40 percent women; this year it was 18 percent, even though women made up 39 percent of total applicants. “We betrayed the public trust,” said university managing director Tetsuo Yukioka. “We want to sincerely apologize.” Campaigners are now demanding to know whether other universities also rigged results against women.

8-10-18 Food: PepsiCo’s CEO to Exit
PepsiCo’s Indra Nooyi will leave the company this fall after 12 years at the helm, said Jennifer Calfas in As “one of few women of color to head a major company,” she presides over a corporation with $63.5 billion in revenue, the biggest food-and-beverage company in the Fortune 500. Nooyi’s departure this October will leave just 23 female CEOs at S&P 500 companies, that’s down from 32 in 2017, a decline of more than 25 percent. Women also make up only about a fifth of board members at the big companies that compose the S&P 500 index.

8-10-18 Why soccer is riskier for women
Doctors have long worried that people who play soccer harm their brains when they head the ball—and a new study suggests female players may be disproportionately at risk. Using an advanced form of MRI scanning, researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York examined the brains of 49 men and 49 women who regularly played soccer in an amateur league. Both sets of players had headed the ball roughly the same number of times over the preceding season—but the scans showed that the women had five times more brain tissue damage than the men, with affected matter in eight regions of the brain rather than just three. Researchers speculated that because women have smaller, less muscular necks than men, heading may impart more rotational force to their heads. None of the subjects showed any signs of brain dysfunction, reports The Boston Globe. But lead author Michael Lipton says further research is needed to “get a better handle on how many headers will get players into trouble.”

8-9-18 The unpleasant reason men navigate better than women
Men are better at navigating than women, according to a massive study, but there's not much for men to be proud about. Scientists at University College London say the difference has more to do with discrimination and unequal opportunities than any innate ability. The findings come from research into a test for dementia. But it has also given an unprecedented insight into people's navigational ability all around the world. The experiment is actually a computer game, Sea Hero Quest, that has had more than four million players. It's a nautical adventure to save an old sailor's lost memories and with a touch of a smartphone screen, you chart a course round desert islands and icy oceans. The game anonymously records the player's sense of direction and navigational ability. One clear picture, published in the journal Current Biology, was that men were better at navigating than women. But why? Prof Hugo Spiers thinks he has found the answer by looking at data from the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index - which studies equality in areas from education to health and jobs to politics. He told the BBC: "We don't think the effects we see are innate. "So countries where there is high equality between men and women, the difference between men and women is very small on our spatial navigation test. "But when there's high inequality the difference between men and women is much bigger. And that suggests the culture people are living in has an effect on their cognitive abilities."

8-8-18 Why US mums are envious of Bulgarian ones
The US is the only industrialised nation with no paid leave for parents with a new child. (Webmaster's comment: )In the US it's pop the brat out and back to work! In Europe paid maternity and paid paternity leave can be up to a year!

8-8-18 US mid-term elections: Women break records for nominations
More women candidates than ever will contest US governorships and House seats in November's mid-term elections. After Tuesday's primaries across four states, there are now 11 female nominees for governor and at least 182 for the House of Representatives. The results were hailed as a continuing success story by activists for women in politics. There was also a key election for a House seat in Ohio, in which President Donald Trump claimed victory. But US media said the race was still too close to call, in a safe Republican seat held by them since 1983. The outcome could indicate whether Democrats have a chance to overturn the Republican majority in the House in November. After polling closed in the four states holding primaries on Tuesday - Kansas, Michigan, Missouri and Washington - it became clear women had broken records for gubernatorial and House nominations. Victories for Gretchen Whitmer (Michigan) and Laura Kelly (Kansas) in Democratic primaries mean 11 women will contest governorships in November - one more than the previous 1994 record. At least 182 female major party nominees will run for the House, beating the record of 167 from 2016. Another three women are leading in close primary contests.

8-6-18 Women more likely to survive heart attacks if treated by female doctor
An analysis of more than 580,000 heart attacks found that women are slightly less likely to die from a heart attack if they are seen by a female doctor. An analysis of more than 580,000 heart attacks found that women are slightly less likely to die from a heart attack if a female doctor is in charge of their hospital treatment. “You have highly trained experts with life or death on the line, and yet the gender match between the physician and the patient seems to matter a great deal,” says Seth Carnahan, from Washington University in St Louis. Carnahan and his colleagues trawled through anonymous patient data from Florida hospitals from 1991 to 2010, recording factors such as age, race and medical history. Even after taking these factors into account, they found that female patients were slightly less likely to survive heart attacks than male patients. When patients were treated by male doctors, 12.6 per cent of men died compared with 13.3 per cent of women. The gender gap was much smaller but still present when female physicians took charge of treatment. In these cases, 11.8 per cent of men died, compared with 12 per cent of women. “Our work corroborates prior research showing that female doctors tend to produce better patient outcomes than male doctors,” says Carnahan. “The novel part of what we are doing is showing that the benefit of having a female doctor is particularly stark for a female patient.”

8-4-18 Denmark veil ban: First woman charged for wearing niqab
A woman has become the first person in Denmark to be charged with wearing a full-face veil in public, after a ban came into effect on Wednesday. The 28-year-old came to the police's attention when a scuffle broke out between her and another woman at the top of an escalator at a shopping centre north of Copenhagen. She was fined when she refused to remove the veil. The new law has provoked protests and criticism from human rights groups. It does not mention burkas and niqabs by name, but says "anyone who wears a garment that hides the face in public will be punished with a fine". An initial report into the altercation on Friday suggested that one woman was trying to remove the other's veil, but police said this was not clear. "During the fight her niqab came off, but by the time we arrived she had put it back on again," police spokesperson David Borchersen told the Ritzau news agency. Police reviewed CCTV footage to determine whether the second woman had intentionally pulled off the veil, and believed it was incidental to the fight. (Webmaster's comment: I'm afraid I must agree with this law. Hiding the face in public is used by criminals to escape identification while commiting a crime.)

8-3-18 Williams’ fight for equal pay
Michelle Williams is an unlikely champion for pay equity in Hollywood, said Amanda Fortini in Vanity Fair. The 37-year-old actress is normally “very, very private,” but she became the face of the gender pay gap last year after it was revealed that she earned less than $1,000 for nine days of reshooting scenes for a movie, while her male co-star, Mark Wahlberg, was paid $1.5 million. “You feel totally devalued,” she says, “but that also chimes in with pretty much every other experience you’ve had in your workplace, so you just learn to swallow it.” Williams’ career breakout came in the 2005 film, Brokeback Mountain; she and co-star Heath Ledger began a relationship and had a child. When Ledger died of a drug overdose, Williams and her 2-year-old daughter were hounded by paparazzi. “It was unmanageable to be stalked like that,” she says. “I’ll never forget going to the post office and seeing a sign hung on the wall for anyone with information about myself and my daughter to please call this number.” She has shunned publicity ever since. But with encouragement from fellow actress Jessica Chastain, Williams embraced the need to speak out about pay inequality. “A private humiliation became a public turning point.”

8-3-18 Most women in office
Nevada could become the first state to have more women than men serving in its state legislature, after a record number of female candidates advanced in state primaries. Nearly 40 percent of Nevada’s legislative seats are already held by women.

7-27-18 Women and men get research grants at equal rates — if women apply in the first place
Supporting women in getting big research money could help close the academic gap. Women face an uphill battle in biomedical science, on many fronts. There is bias in hiring and in how other scientists view their research. Fewer women are chosen to review scientific papers. Men still outnumber women at the ivory tower’s highest floors, and of course, women in science face harassment based on their gender. But once the top of the hill is in sight — once a female scientist gets a coveted major research grant — the playing field levels out, a new study shows. Women who get major grants stay funded and head their labs just as long as men. The hitch? Women must reach the top of the academic hill and apply for those grants in the first place. “We’ve known from the data that’s publicly available that women are getting approximately 50 percent or more of the biomedical Ph.D.s, but when the time comes to apply for grants, the number drops precipitously,” says Judith Greenberg, the deputy director of the National Institute of General Medical Science in Bethesda, Md. Less than one-third of first-time applicants for the big grants from the National Institutes of Health are women. In part, that number reflects the gender disparity in faculty positions in general. To get a big pot of money from the NIH, a scientist needs to have a position at an eligible institution, often a university. That’s not a trivial goal. For example, women received 53 percent of the Ph.D.s in biology in 2015. But in that same year women represented only 44 percent of assistant professors in biology, and only 35 percent of the full professorate.

7-17-18 Why chivalry remains attractive to some women despite being sexist
Women tend to find male chivalry attractive even though they see it as a threat to fairness, according to a new study. Existing inequality may explain why. Women tend to be attracted to male chivalry even though they see it as a threat to their gender equality, according to a new study. Men who pay for dinner and open doors for women are said to display “benevolent sexism”: the attitude that women should be protected and provided for. These chivalrous acts are superficially positive, but may entrench gender inequality by positioning women as weaker and less competent, says Pelin Gul at Iowa State University. Gul and her colleagues explored heterosexual women’s attitudes to benevolent sexism in a series of experiments involving more than 700 women aged 18 to 70 in the UK. In one experiment, the volunteers were told to imagine a potential partner called Mark. Half were given chivalrous descriptions, such as, “In case of a disaster or emergency situation, he thinks that women should be helped before men”. The other half were given gender neutral descriptions, such as, “In case of a disaster or emergency situation, he thinks that a person’s sex should not be a factor determining who is helped first”. The chivalrous version of Mark was rated as more attractive, even though most participants said he was probably more likely to undermine and patronise them.

7-15-18 How an army of suffragettes saved America from starvation
While legions of men toiled in World War I, 15,000 women set out to solve the food crisis. But that wasn't their only goal. In May 1918, 10 teenage girls sat in Amy C. Ransome's three-story brownstone near Meridian Hill Park in Washington, D.C., listening to her describe what their summer's work would be like. Ransome appeared younger than her 45 years; she loved being around young people, which might have kept her looking so fresh. Two of the girls in the room, Susan and Janet, were her daughters, and the others came from similarly upper-middle class families. All the girls technically should have been in school, but they'd been drawn to a cause larger than themselves. One of the them, Dorothy Gilbertson, had seen a little white sign, like those in many store windows across the city, with black block letters reading: "Recruits wanted, for the Women's Land Army of America. Chance to do your bit by working on a farm." The sign whispered to Dorothy, Don't you realize that the men are at war? How can America have farms without farmers? Remember America's promise to the allies of how she is going to feed the war. Dorothy had no experience working on a farm, but neither did Susan or Janet. In fact, none of these girls were farmers. Amy Ransome herself didn't come from a farming family. She had a Master's degree and had worked for the United States Geological Survey. Since marrying in 1899, she'd been a housewife. Now the young women were being asked to become farmhands, to live in an old sawmill, wear overalls, and do anything their purveying farm owner needed, from "corn shucking and silo making, to mending of the state road and assisting at the County Fair," as Ransome later wrote. This was the Washington, D.C., chapter of the Women's Land Army of America. With so many male farmers off to battle or engaged in new, better-paying jobs in the the war industry, the group sought to prove that women could do men's work. But Ransome and her female farmers had a larger goal in mind: winning women the right to vote.

7-14-18 How academics in STEM fields are combating sexual harassment
There's 'no evidence' that current policies at universities are helping the problem. Sexual harassment is rife in science, medicine, and engineering, and there's "no evidence" that all the harassment training and reporting pathways that universities have set up are making any difference. That's the conclusion of a 290-page, two-year-long study of sexual harassment of women in the sciences, published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, a non-profit created by Congress during Abraham Lincoln's presidency to answer science questions for the nation. "We need to move beyond legalistic policies and training focusing only on the most obvious acts of abuse," Lilia Cortina, a psychologist from the University of Michigan who worked on the study, said during a public talk announcing the report's release. "Those acts simply don't happen without a firm foundation of disrespect, derision, and devaluation of women. So what are we doing to take aim at that disrespect?" Cortina was part of a team of 21 experts — comprising college professors, industry scientists, a former Congresswoman, and an administrator at a professional society for geophysicists — who examined existing research and commissioned two new studies to help them evaluate how prevalent sexual harassment is during women's science careers and what to do about it. The results are sobering: At least one in five female science students experience harassment from faculty or staff at their universities, and more than 40 percent of female medical students do, one of the newly commissioned studies found. (Men may also be harassed, especially if they're seen as violating gender norms, but it happens more often to women.) Anti-harassment policies at universities are often designed to cover the school in court — but not to really solve the problem. And women might be held back in their fields as a result: Research suggests that workers who are sexually harassed perform more poorly in their jobs, while college women who are harassed get lower grades and report more health problems.

7-14-18 Saudi Arabia woman 'arrested for hugging' singer Majid al-Mohandis
A woman in Saudi Arabia has been arrested after running on stage to hug a male singer during a concert, according to reports. Majid al-Mohandis was performing at a festival in the western city of Taif when the woman darted on to the stage. Videos posted online showed her holding on to Mr Mohandis while security staff tried to pull her off him. Women in Saudi Arabia are not allowed to mix in public with men who are unrelated to them. Mr Mohandis, whose website says is "the prince of Arab singing", has not commented on the incident. The Iraqi-born singer, who also has Saudi citizenship, continued to perform after the incident. A public prosecutor will now consider harassment charges against the woman, police told Okaz, a leading Saudi newspaper, and Efe news agency. The country has strict morality laws regarding alcohol prohibition, modest clothing and gender segregation. Restrictions that had long been placed on women attending public events in the kingdom have been relaxed in the past year under a series of reforms by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

7-11-18 'I risked everything to dance in Iran'
The arrest in Iran of an Instagram star who posted videos of herself dancing underscores the Islamic republic's strict rules shunning so-called Western behaviour. Here, BBC World Service women's affairs reporter Feranak Amidi describes what happened to her when she danced in Iran. I grew up in Iran in the 1980s, in a period of difficult change for many in the country after the 1979 Islamic Revolution. These were the years when morality police were put on the streets, and when music, lipstick, nail polish and even colourful clothes were banned. It was the time of the 1980-88 Iraq-Iran war, food was rationed and blackouts were regular. But even during those dark days, I remember dancing with my friends to music on cassettes bought from illegal music "dealers". These dealers were our only window to the outside world. They provided us with the music of Iranian pop stars who had left the country after the revolution and had gone to Los Angeles. These "dealers" were responsible for introducing us to the songs of Michael Jackson and keeping us up-to-date with trends such as break-dancing and groups like Wham! At school we danced at every chance we got. Every time teachers were not around we sang and danced, even though we were aware of an unwritten rule that dancing was now banned. Dancing itself has not been defined as a crime in Iran's penal code but the law is pretty vague. Based on Iran's constitution, committing an "indecent" act in public is a crime, so dancing in public can be interpreted as an indecent act and punished. Dancing can be performed on stage in Iran, although only by men. Using social media platforms to "spread and encourage indecency" is also a crime in Iran's penal code. In the absence of clubs and bars, parties in Iran have been the one place where people can dance and freely socialise - though such parties are technically breaking the law. These "underground" parties started immediately after the revolution and no force has ever been able to stop them. Many are family parties or weddings, but they are happening more and more in different cities so that young people can get together to drink, listen to music and dance.

7-9-18 Iran women dance in support of arrested Instagram teen
Women in Iran have posted videos of themselves dancing online, in support of a teenager who was arrested. Maedeh Hojabri had gathered thousands of followers on Instagram with videos of herself dancing to Iranian and Western pop music. On Friday, state TV broadcast Ms Hojabri's apparent confession. Social media users shared videos and messages supporting the young dancer, using hashtags such as one that translates as #dancing_isn't_a_crime. The Iranian government has strict rules governing women's clothing and dancing with members of the opposite sex in public is banned, except in front of immediate family members. Ms Hojabri's videos showed her dancing at home without the mandatory headscarf, or hijab. Several other dancers have reportedly also been arrested in recent weeks. Blogger Hossein Ronaghi commented: "If you tell people anywhere in the world that 17 and 18-year-old girls are arrested for their dance, happiness and beauty on charges of spreading indecency, while child rapists and others are free, they will laugh! Because for them, it's unbelievable!"

7-9-18 Tattoo taboo: Spanish woman fights rejection by army
When Estela Martín got a black lotus flower tattooed on the upper part of her right foot at the age of 18, her parents were unhappy about it, but she saw it as a positive symbol. "I've always liked the idea that the lotus represents, which is that you have to fight for what you want," she says. But 12 years later, that same tattoo has left her fighting to save her ambition of a career in the Spanish military. In June, Ms Martín took part in a civil service exam to become a military psychologist. She had left her previous job, in a Madrid hospital, two years earlier in order to study and prepare herself for the highly competitive selection process. But when she was taking part in a swimming test that was part of the exam, an examiner saw the tattoo on her foot and told her she could not continue because it could be visible when worn with a skirt. Ms Martín understood that the rules no longer obliged women to wear skirts and, given that that the tattoo was not visible when she wore trousers, she argued that it was within the regulations. However, she says the examiner insisted that she could be ordered to wear a skirt and refused to change his mind. "I felt terrible, at first I couldn't believe it," she says. "The reasons he was giving me seemed so absurd. I left utterly distraught, I was crying." Ms Martín says there were several men taking the same swimming exam who had body art, including one who had a tattoo on his heel, but none of them were pulled out of the process. Another woman was withdrawn from the examination for having a tattoo that she had partly removed with laser treatment. "There were two things that bothered me," says Ms Martín. "Firstly, there was the personal issue - it was two years of my life all for nothing, so much work and sacrifice. And then, above all, why should men be able to have the same tattoo and it's no problem for them?"

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31 Women's Inequality News Articles
from 2018 2nd Half

Women's Inequality News Articles from 2018 1st Half